Thomas Aquinas “resolved” this by asserting (and I’m using my own summation here) that God knows everything that’s going to happen, but not before it happens. Ironically, only by removing the personhood of God and replacing it with the non-personal, such as the Buddhist mystic law or law of the universe, does Aquinas’s statement become profound.
In Buddhist scriptures that focus on the realizations Sakyamuni had while meditating under the bodhi tree, there are descriptions that are similar to Aquinas. Sakyamuni’s insight into the complex interconnections of all phenomena made him wise to trends while at the same time deeply aware of the power to use the unlimited potential of the present moment to make a new cause which will alter the course of the trend.
Theism is a preliminary teaching. It can inspire people to seek out ideals. However, as the host of this discussion has so clearly points out, it eventually interferes with a correct view of the relationship between subject and object (that of oneness). The next step forward requires the courage to consider one’s innate potential for absolute happiness and enlightenment, and the hope to take the action necessary to obtain it.
The practice of Nichiren Buddhism with the support of the SGI organization has continually provided me that courage and hope.